Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some may necessitate emergency action and immediate care by an eye care practitioner, while others can be dealt with at home. Follow this guide to typical eye injuries, to decide your next move in case of an eye emergency. Keep in mind that general safety precautions such as wearing safety goggles or glasses may be your best approach to avoiding eye injuries altogether.
An example of an injury that should not be taken lightly is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can lead to serious harm very quickly and possibly result in blindness. Scratches are generally the result of a poke in the eye, or rubbing the eye when there is a particle of dust or sand in it. Since a scratch can open your eye to bacterial infection it's critical that you see your eye doctor or an emergency room. The best care for a scratched eye is to keep it loosely closed and to see your optician right away to ensure it is isn't infected. Touching the eye will only make it worse and entirely covering the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
A chemical burn is another serious type of eye injury. It can be frightening to be splashed in the eye by a potentially dangerous substance. It's critical to know what chemical went into your eye. A chemical's fundamental makeup is the most significant factor. While acids can result in substantial redness and burning, they can be washed out fairly quickly. However, alkali chemicals that are bases can be more severe but may not appear to be because they don't result in as much immediate burning or redness as acids.
Though it is sometimes unpleasant to think about a serious eye injury, it's suggested to be prepared with what to do in serious situations. By following these guidelines you can feel confident that you'll know how to handle most routine eye problems. Of course, extra safety measures can help you avoid this type of injuries altogether so consult with your optometrist about preventative eye care options!